Madagascar Bird of the Day: Lesser Vasa Parrot

Lesser Vasa Parrot (Coracopsis nigra) perched on a tree branch
Lesser Vasa Parrot (Coracopsis nigra)


Madagascar’s chameleons are known for their splendid color. But its parrots? Not so much.

Madagascar has two endemic parrot species, both of them a uniform gray: the Greater Vasa Parrot, and the Lesser Vasa Parrot. Visually, the main difference between them is a few inches. The Lesser averages about 14 inches from head to tail, while the Greater is about 20 inches. If you get a little closer or have a good set of binoculars, you can also notice differences in their beak shapes and the amount of bare or patchy skin around their eyes.

If you’re far away and can’t judge size, your best bet is to look at the shape and size of the head and neck in relation to the body. The Lesser has a narrower neck in proportion to its head and shoulders. (Okay, technically I should probably say the furcula, not the shoulders; but how may people know what a furcula is?)

Like all parrots, Madagascar’s parrots are quite intelligent. They can also make quite a ruckus when a dozen or so of them flock to a small group of trees, with plenty of squawking when two birds go for the same fruit at once. They also have a nice whistling song of a few long pitches that they sometimes sing as they fly. I am told by the guidebooks that the species vary in the quality of their vocalizations, but I haven’t had enough experience with them both to tell them apart by sound.

I am also terrible at gauging size. Luckily for me and my self-confidence, the parrots feasting on the citrus fruits that grow in front of our large definitely have skinny necks. So it was fairly straightforward to identify these as Lesser Vasa Parrots. (Thankfully, our guide confirmed this, or I’d have to end this post on a decidedly non-self-congratulatory note.)

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